What is Fracking?
A well is dug
Water, sand and chemicals forced into the well with enough pressure to crack the rock layer.
Gas flows out of the well.
Recovered water is taken to a treatment plant
Gas is piped to the market
Up to 50,000 gallons of chemicals are used to frack a single well (1)
More than 600 different chemicals are used: acids, solvents, and many volatile compounds (1)
25% linked to cancer; DNA mutations (2)
37% are endocrine disruptors- may alter our hormonal system, even at low doses (2)
Large percentage of fracking chemicals still kept secret. Research is still needed on hundreds of chemicals used in hydrofracking.